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Learning Goals : Recognize Numerals 1-9
To achieve this goal we have …
Some Games to Play
1. Use play dough to form numbers. Stick the corresponding number of beads in the dough numeral.
2. Write numbers on plain sticky labels. Take 10 mugs and some small snacks like biscuits/ piece of cheese etc. Put one snack in one mug. Ask the child to choose the appropriate label. Put two snacks in a second mug and ask the child to label it correctly. Carry on till 10. You can also use sandwich bags in place of mugs.
3. Using number tiles/number mats, make a number line with your kid. Ask your child to close his/her eyes and move one tile and move the rest of the tiles to fill the gap. Ask your child to count and check which numeral is missing.
4. Take a walk outside (or if you live in Johannesburg, and can’t take walks, use your car time) and explore the numbers in real world. Point to the house numbers, vehicle registration numbers, bus route numbers etc. At home make address cards for your toy houses, make registration plates for your kid’s bike, and write bus route numbers on a cardboard box pretending it is a bus. Don’t forget to take a ride together in it.
5. On A4 pieces of cards, draw outlines of numeral 1 to 9. Let your child glue the correct number of ribbons/sequins/pieces of fabrics etc on the numerals.
6. Let your child trace the shape of the numeral with his/her finger. For this purpose use a variety of mediums to avoid boredom. You can use finger paints, sand trays, shaving foam on a tray, wet mud, a mixture of corn starch and water with a little food color added. To avoid mess put some paint in a heavy duty zip lock bag and let your child trace the numerals on the bag. You can also use small pebbles, sticks, beads etc to form numbers.
7. Provide a variety of numerals for example bury some numerals (plastic/wooden etc) in sand. On big cards write the same numerals and keep them near the sand tray. Let your child find the numeral buried in sand. When he/she find a numeral he/she must find a matching numeral in card. Paint the numeral with glue and sprinkle sand over it. Now when you have a large sand number ask questions like “What number have you made?” “Can you build that many sand castles/mud pies?” “How do you write this number?” This is an excellent activity to try on the beach.
8. Play with phones, micro waves, remote controls, digital clocks and analogue clocks. This way children would be able to recognize the digital numeral as well as many different kinds of printed ones. If your child has a toy cell phone, pretend to call friends and ask your child to dial the number for you.
9. Practice with your child so that he/she is confident in showing the given number of fingers without counting. For example you say 8 and your child must show 8 fingers with out the need to count the fingers. Once he/she is good at this, try doing it with the written numeral. So instead of saying the number show him/her a card with a number written on it.
10. Label some containers with numbers from 1-20 (or till wherever your child have managed but not too easy). Give him/her some beads and he/she must put the correct number of beads in the containers.
11. Explain to the child that there is a number hidden behind the screen and that they will need to look carefully to find out what it is. Slowly raise part of the number above the screen. Encourage him/her to talk about what they can see. Use prompts such as: What shapes can you see so far? I wonder if this gives us any clues. You may wish to model descriptive language and reasoning by ‘thinking aloud’, for example: I can see two straight lines (pointing to them) that are joined. I don’t think it can be the number 8 because the number 8 is made up of curved lines. Gradually reveal more of the number and give child opportunities to say what they think now. When the whole numeral is finally revealed, ask him/her to describe it. You may need to model descriptive language initially, for example: The number 7 is made up of two straight lines, one short one along the top and one longer one that slopes down. Can you point to the two straight lines?
12. Make zigzag books with one numeral on each page and ask your child to paste corresponding number of resources (stickers etc). You can also write numbers on envelopes and let the child fill them up with correct number of items.
Some Things to cook
1. Make peppermint creams in the shape of numerals. A simple recipe is: Mix a tin of sweetened condensed milk with some lemon juice, peppermint essence and blue food coloring in a bowl. Gradually add 400 gm icing sugar, stirring hard. When the mixture is dough like, roll out. Looking at number cards, help your child cut out small numerals from the mixture (numeral shaped cookie cutters also work great). Encourage conversation about the shape of numerals. Leave the peppermint numbers to harden overnight.
Some Things Digital